Anglo-Saxon Farm and Village
Our farm is a great place to discover why farming was so important in daily Anglo-Saxon life. Home to curly-coated pigs, Dexter bullocks, sheep, goats, ducks, chickens and more, this 11-acre site houses rare breeds which are the closest possible representatives of the animals that would have been present 1300 years ago.
Generally smaller than those we see today, these breeds give a feel for what animals would have been like during Bede’s time. Anglo-Saxons used the bird species for their meat, feathers and eggs; the eggs were not only eaten but used to mix inks used by monks to illustrate their manuscripts. Cattle would have worked daily on farms to pull ploughs or carts, while sheep were kept mainly for their wool which was spun and woven into cloth.
Today, our animals are not used for meat and live out their days - often to a ripe old age - on our safe and comfortable farm. Visitors can give them a tasty treat with a bag of grassnuts, 100% chopped dried grass, cut and processed to preserve maximum levels of natural nutrients, available from the Bede Museum reception.
The farm is complemented by a number of replica wattle and daub and timber-framed buildings based on structures excavated within Anglo-Saxon Northumbria, and is a green haven in the middle of Jarrow.